08 January, 2019

smoking an empty pipe

I had completed my PhD in the field or physiology at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Liverpool University  in October 1974 but I did not attend the graduation ceremony on March 21st 1975 to receive my graduation certificate as I could not pay for the hire of the robes that I would have to wear. I was as poor as the proverbial church mouse. I continued to carry out further research that was a natural progression from the subject area of my PhD and oversaw the undergraduates' practicals as a means of earning some money. At the same time my supervisor, Mr. Alan Singleton, and I applied for a three year research grant for postdoctoral research from the Agricultural Research Council (ARC). However financial changes resulting from the change in the price of oil had a marked effect on financial matters and the ARC and other funding bodies were forced to reduce the grants they could award and our application was refused.

I now found myself in the predicament of no further financial support, limited finances remaining, my family were refugees in Iran and my brother was in Damascus with Jalal Talabani creating  the Patrotic Union of Kurdistan, PUK in May 1975. In addition Dianne had completed her research and had gone to work for Pfizer Ltd. in Sandwich,Kent. In addition I was constantly receiving letters from the Home Office asking when I was leaving the UK while a local police officer came to the field station on a regular basis to check what I was doing. My finances were so bad that I could not buy the two to three packets of Rothman cigarettes I smoked every day. Instead I invested in a cheap pipe and an ounce of pipe tobacco that I carried every day. The pipe was usually in my mouth through the day but not lit and it was more of a comfort to me.They say that every cloud as a silver lining and in June the Dean of the Faculty, Prof. Fitzpatrick, called me to his office. He had recently returned from the World Veterinary Conference which had been held in Greece that year. At the conference Prof Fitzpatrick had met Dr. Abubakir Saghar, the newly appointed Dean of the new Faculty of Veterinary Science, Tripoli University, Libya. Dr Sagher was an agriculturist who had studied animal nutrition at the Royal College of Veterinary Medicine, London and his wife had been secretary to the Dean of the Royal College. He wanted to model the new faculty in Libya on the standards of the Royal College and wanted a veterinarian to hep him do so. Prof Fitzpatrick put forward my name to him as someone to help him establish his new faculty. In July I travelled to London to meet Dr Sagher at his hotel  and, as he watched the tennis at Wimbledon, we discussed my recruitment  to the faculty which at the time was housed in a small, italian villa in a large, confiscated orchard. He was the only staff member plus a small admin office and a few labourers. A few weeks later I received a telex message to take to the Libyan Embassy in London to obtain a visa. I was given a visa in my expired Iraqi passport. I was then in a dilemma as to whether to go straight to Libya or, go to Syria to see my brother and perhaps stay with the newly established Kurdish movement.

With some difficulty I managed to purchase a ticket to Damascus and arrived there on October 12th 1975.  I joined my brother and our relative Razak Faili in the small flat in the Muhajareen district of Damascus that they shared with a third person, whom I shall refer to as Mr X.  Adel and Razak Faili were two of the five founding members of the PUK and their flat contained left wing and photographic memorabilia e.g. posters of Che Guevara and Lenin. The next morning I accompanied them to the venue where they were holding the daily meetings of the PUK, its members numbering some three dozen or so. I was warmly welcomed by Jalal himself, and my arrival added to the number of PhD graduates in the PUK. The PUK now had a veterinarian and an historian in their gathering in Damascus!     

The topic of discussion was the collapse of the Kurdish revolution earlier in March 1975 when, at a meeting in Algeria, Saddam and the Shah embraced and kissed and the Kurds were the first victims yet again. They discussed how they would be more careful in the future, there would not be any nepotism, involvement of family in politics and there would be no corruption. They had many other pipe dreams that were also discussed. They would talk about their pipe dreams as I sat, and very often slept, with my empty pipe in my mouth as I did not have the money for tobacco. After the meeting we usually went to the Rodah Coffee Shop. After several days in Damascus I felt that I was becoming a burden to them. I had no money and they were poor too. I spoke to Jalal Talabani about my situation and told him of the post in Libya and he was pleased to hear that I had work there. He told me that he was going to Libya himself very soon and that I could travel with him. He told me that I would be of more use to the PUK in Libya than sitting in Damascus sucking my empty pipe.

On November 7th we left together for Tripoli and we were met by someone who took us to the Shaati Hotel which was the biggest hotel in Libya at that time. We were given adjacent rooms and spent two weeks there. I had a feeling that Jalal had been there before and had met Ghadaffi who had given him 'a green light' for the formation of a new political party in Kurdistan. A few months later Adel arrived in Tripoli as the Libyans had promised the PUK that they would buy them a radio station from France. Adel told me that Mr X, who had been in the flat with them in Damascus, and was a senior member of PUK, was frequently visiting Turkey and the security forces in Damascus airport had picked him up on one occasion. The Syrian security forces were very good at obtaining confessions from people and Mr X confessed to being an Iraqi regime's spy inside the PUK. So Mr X and his two brothers stayed in a Syrian prison for several years until Saddam made his reconciliation visit to President Assad, Senior. Saddam demanded that he took the three brothers back with him in his plane to Iraq. Adel told me that Mr X had accused me of being a spy for the British and that I had been sent to spy on the PUK. The evidence for this was my pipe! The fact that I had a pipe, although I had no tobacco, was sufficient evidence to Mr X that I was a spy! It also demonstrated the narrow mindedness of people in that part of the world. 

26 October, 2016

Ashti Hawrami and KRG Economy !!

Yesterday the KRG's Minister for Oil announced that the region owed 8 billion dollars to the banks and a further 2.5 billion dollars to oil companies! 

Was this the right time to make such a statement about the KRG's economy? At a time when our valiant peshmerga are laying down their lives in defending us, and the rest of civilisation, from ISIS and working people receive only a quarter of their monthly salaries this statement was like a bucket of icy water thrown in their faces. 

It will certainly cause many questions to be asked about the ability of those in charge of managing the economy

28 June, 2016

حزيران اردوغان الساخن

هذا الرجل يفضل السير على الصفيح الساخن و صفيح الشهر الحالي فهو الاسخن حيث انه يواجه يوميا مشاكل كبيرة وعويصة كان هو فقط السبب في افتعالها ويحاول كثيرا التنصل من افعاله ولكن من دون جدوى واصبح كالبعبع لا ترغب الدول وخاصة الاوربية و الجماعات و المنظمات الغيرالحكومية التقرب منه ومن نظامه سيئ الصيت.
ادناه قسم من مشاكل اردوغان لهذا الشهر حزيران\يونيو فقط علما بأن الشهر لم ينتهي حتى الان و نحن بإنتظار الجديد من ابو بلال من صولات وجولات
كمشترك ومراقب للاستفتاء الذي جرى في بريطانيا يوم الخميس الماضي فإن ابتزاز اردوغان لدول الاتحاد ومطالبته بالاموال مقابل منع الهجرة من خلال الاراضي التركية واصراره على عدم شمول الاتراك بالحصول على الفيزا لادخالهم الى دول الاتحاد وكذلك اصراره على التعجيل في ادخال بلاده الى الاتحاد كل ذالك كان له رد فعل من الناخب البريطاني. اعتقد بأن رد الفعل البريطاني قد اقنع اردوغان الان بأن ليس له مكان في الاتحاد وحسب قول كاميرون رئيس الوزراء البريطاني فإن تركيا نفذت بندا واحدا فقط من اصل 35 بندا عليها تنفيذها لتتأهل للدخول الى الاتحاد.علما بان كاميرون كان من اهم مناصري تركيا في الاتحاد
*صدم اردوغان وظهرت اثار الصدمة على وجهه عندما منع من الكلام او التقرب من كفن البطل محمد علي في امريكا والانكى من هذا ان واحدا من اثنان من اللذين خطبوا في الاحتفال بديلا عن اردوغان والملك عبد الله كان حاخاما يهوديا راديكاليا له مواقف مهمه ضد سياسات اسرائيل في الاراضي المحتلة. طالب الحاخام وبحضور اردوغان و امام اكبر و اهم تجمع عقد في امريكا هذا العام بأن يتوقف اردوغان عن قتل الكورد في جنوب شرق تركيا .لقد اهين الى درجة مابعدها اهانة
*حامي حمى الاسلام وفارس الاخوانجية وبطل الخلافة وراعي الباب العالي تراجع عن كل تهديداته ضد اسرائيل ووقع مع اسرائيل معاهدة لاعادة العلاقات الدبلوماسية وارجاع السفراء الى انقرة وتل ابيب و باع حماس والاخوان في صفقة يالعمر هذه وبحضور السمسارين القطري والامريكي
*لقد فشل اردوغان في صولته مع الدب الروسي واصراره على ان الطائرة اخترقت الاجواء التركية وتاكيده بإنه سيعيد الكرة مع اي طائرة روسية تخترق اجواء بلاده "كلام فاضي " و ها هو السلطان يعتذر لروسيا رسميا واعلن رئيس وزرائه بأن تركيا ستعوض الروس عن كل شئ و بعد تصريحات رئيس الوزراء بساعة ناقض اردوغان رئيس وزرائه ليثبت ان اردوغان ماهو الى عيدي امين اسيا الصغرى
ماذا في جعبة الرجل من جديد ان غدا لناظره لقريب.................

05 June, 2016

What do Chemical Ali and Erdogan have in common?


Accused of killing 182,000 Kurds, mainly women and children at Halabja in 1988, Saddam's cousin Ali said there had only been 100,000 victims. When asked about the 1915 genocide of Armenians by the Ottomans, Erdogan said that less than half a million were killed not the 1.5 million recorded in history. Both refer to human deaths like swatting flies. Chemical Ali was consigned to hell while Erdogan will one day face a jury's verdict.

18 May, 2016

2- پیاوێک لە پەڕەی گوڵ

    شێخ یەحیا بەرزنجى
هولير ،15.5.2016

تاریک و لێڵی بەر لە بەیان بوو، ڕاست بوومەوە بە نیازی ئەنجامدانى ئەرکى دەسپێکی ڕۆژێکی نوێ و هەڵقون و داقون و هاتوچۆی وەرزشباو بەناو خەیاڵو خەتەرەى باخچە ئاساکەمدا، کە چەندین گوڵی تێدا ژاکاوەو نەسیمی سوبحدەم کەمتر ڕووی تێدەکات. دەمویست ساتێکی بە خەیاڵ دڵخۆشکەر بگوزەرینم

بێئاگا دەستم برد بۆ ئایفۆنەکەو تیلى چاوم گێڕا بە هاتووەکاندا، ڤایبەر پێکەنى، بانگى کردم، نامەم پێیە!.

دیاربوو نامەیەکى کردبووە خەو کە لە بەرە بەیانى رۆژى شەممە ز، لە ئامێزی گرتبوو. گەشبوومەوە، کام فریشتەى بەختى ئاڵۆزمە14/5/2016 کە دەرگای رۆژى خۆشى و ئومێدى لێکردوومەتەوە، دڵم پڕبوو لە خۆشى، لە یادگارى جوان، تارمەو بەڵەکۆنەی خانوی گردى سەرچنارو ماڵی کاک (جەللى عومەرى سام ئاغا)، زەردەخەنەو هەستى ناسکى مرۆڤى گەورەو هەڵوێستى جوامێرانە لە رۆژگارە تاڵەکاندا

بەو دەروونە کەیلەوە وردە وردە تام و چێژى گەوهەرە وشەکانم دەکرد، نووسراوێک بە ناونیشانى ( پیاوێک لە پەڕەى گوڵ)، لە وڵتى غوربەتەوە، لە ئەمریکاوە، لە سەرچاوەى نەهامەتیەکانمانەوە،(محمد بەرزى) نوسیوێتى و لە بەرزى مرۆڤ دەدوێت، لەم رۆمانە بەکۆتانەهاتووەدا (جەللى عومەرى سام ئاغا)ى کردووە بە نموونەو بە پاڵەوانى ئەم داستانەو بەڕێزیشیان وەک جوانترین دیارى منى بەیاد کردووە.

نامەکە باس لە یاساى سروستى ژیان دەکات بۆ ئەم جەنگەلستانە، دەیەوێت پەیکەر بتاشێت بۆ ئەکتەرەکان و لە لوتکەی بڵندى کۆمەڵیەتیدا دایانبنێت، گیانە بەرزەفڕەکانیان بۆ داهاتوویەکى  دوور دوور لە مۆنۆمینتى نەوەى رۆژگارەکاندا دابنیت تا ببن بە زیارەتگاى هەمیشەیى بۆ جوانى بۆ خۆشەویستى بۆ مرۆڤ

ببورن دیارە هەموو ئاینە یەکتا پەرستەکان، هەموو مرۆڤە خاوەن بیرو خاوەن هەستە بەرزەکان سەرجەم دەقە پیرۆزەکان، لە بیرى چاک و کردارى چاک گوفتارى چاک دەدوین، تا مرۆڤ مرۆڤ بیت، ئەم هەمو دەق و یاساو عورف و عادەتە بۆ دارشتنى چوارچێوەى ژیانیکى ئاسودەى دادپەروەریە بۆ مرۆڤەکان، بەلم داخەکەم

لە راستیدا، پەیامەکەى حەزرەتى عیسا نامەکەى حەلج و حاجى قادرى کۆیی و ئەحمەدى خانى و قازى محمد، مارف بەرزنجى و عەلى بۆسکانى، وەک یەک ئاراستە خویندنەوەى بۆ دەکریت کە لە خزمەتى مرۆڤدان و کەچى زۆربەیان بە دارا کران

بۆیە نابیت نا ئومیدبن، نابێ بوەستن، دلنایابن بە داری سیدارەیشەوە لە ئاسمان نزیک دەبنەوەو لە هەمووان بەرزو بلندترن و هەمو باوەرو ئیمانی خۆپەرستان وا لەژیر پێى (حەلاج) دایە.

لە پیش چاومە دەیانەویت کەسە راست و دروست گوفتارەکان بخون لە ناویان بەرن، بەلم با دلنیا بن ئیسقانى ئەم مرۆڤە دانسقانە هەرس نابیت و لە گەرو و هەناوى نەفامە شەیداکانى دەسەڵت و دراودا دەبیت بە دەردیکى کوشندە

ئەم باسە بابەتێکى دێرینى بە یادم هێنایەوە (شێخ مستەفاى ئاموزام) گێڕایەوە گوتى

لە ساڵى1963ز دوای کودەتا شومەکەی هشتی شوبات کاتيک له  که رمياندا  باوى ڕاوەدونانى شیوعیەکان بو، دوو برا بوون بە ناوى (ئەحمەد عومەر قەساب و بەکر عومەر قەساب) دەستگیر دەکرێن، دەیانبەنە بنکەى (بنە بەراز) لە ناو جاف دواى ئەزیەتدانێکى زۆر داوایان لێدەکەن بەڵێن بدەن دەستبەردارى ئەو بیرو باوەڕە بن و زۆریان لێ دەکەن هەر بێسود دەبێت

بەرپرس توڕە دەبێت لەگەڵ جنێودانا دەڵێت: بەسیەتى یەک شیوعى نەماوە تەنها ئێوە هەردوکتان ماون بە قسەمان نەکەن خرابتان چاو پێدەکەوێت.

ئەحمەد کە برا گەورەکە بوو پێدەکەنێت.

بەرپرس توڕە دەبێت لە گەڵ جنێودان و ئاڵوزیدا دەڵێت: بەچى پێدەکەنى؟

ئەحمەد دەڵێت هەر کەس نەماوە ؟ . بەرپرس دەڵێت نەخێر!.

ئەحمەدى نەخوێندەوار و هەژار دەڵێت خوایە زۆر شوکر ئەلحەمدول جارێ وا لە ماڵى ئیمە ئەم دوو برایە ماوین لە خوا بەزیاد بێت زۆرین. ئەوەندەى تریان تێهەڵدەدەن.

جا برا هەرکەس بە دەردى خۆى و کوردەوارى گۆتەنى )دونیا خاڵى نییە(و خاوەن ویژدان و مرۆڤ دۆستەکان هەر دەمێنن.

 دڵخۆشم بە برسێتى، بە بێ ئیشى، بە لێنەپرسینەوەى هاوەڵن، بە لوت بەرزى چاوچنۆکان، بە چەپڵە ژەنى ماستاوچییەکان.
گومانم نییە ئەو پەیکەرەى خوازیار بوون بکرێت بۆ ئەوانگەلێک، دڵنیابن بۆ مەشخەڵ بەدەستە بیر دروستەکان دەکرێت و رەنگە زۆر لەو زەبەلحانە بەر ڕەخنەى توندى ڕۆژگار بکەون.

دەست خۆش کاک محمد بەرزى

سوپاس بۆ تۆى ئازیز کاک جەللى عومەرى سام ئاغا.

14 May, 2016

جلال سام اغا پــیــاوێـک لــە پــەڕەی گــوڵ

                                محـەمـەد بـەرزی

لە هەر وڵاتێکدا دەسەڵاتی دیوانی چاودێری دارایی هاوتا و هاوسەنگی دەسەڵاتەکانی یاسا دانان و جێبەجێکردن نەبێت و لە بڕیارە سیاسی و ئابورییەکاندا هەمان هێز و قورسایی ئەوانی نەبێت ، ئەوا دەسەڵاتی جێبەجێکردن لە تەنها سەرۆکێکدا کۆدەبێتەوە ، ئەو سەرۆکەش دەبێتە کەسێکی تاکڕەوی  خۆسەپێنەری خۆپەرست و بە تەواوی یاسا فەرامۆش دەکات و بەرژەوەندی تایبەت دەخاتە سەرووی بەرژەوەندی گشتییەوە و  لە ئەنجامدا دەرگای گەندەڵی واڵادەبێت و تاڵانی و بەفیڕۆدانی سەروەت و سامانی گشتی پەرەدەسێنێت و وڵات ڕووبەڕووی وەیشومە و قەیران و قاتوقڕی و برسێتی و مەترسی گەورە دەبێتەوە و هیچ  مانایەکیش  بۆ مافی گشتی و  ئازادی و دیموکراتی نامێنێتەوە .بێگومان حکومەتی هەرێم لە ڕۆژی دروستبوونییەوە دەکەوێتە خانەی حکومەتە خۆسەپێنەرە تاکڕەوەکانەوە . نە بەتەنگ ماڵ و موڵکی گشتییەوەیە و نە ڕێز لە یاسا و دەستاودەستی دەسەڵات  دەگرێت و نە بەهای مەینەتی و مێژووی  خوێناوی میللەتەکەی خۆشی دەزانێت، ئەوەندەش بێ باکە  لە قسەی خۆی زیاتر ، گویێ لە قسەی کەس ناگرێت... دیارە لە ژێر سایەی دەسەڵاتێکی خراپی لەمجۆرەدا چاکسازیی و بەرگریکردن لە گەندەڵی کارێکی ئێجگار  ئەستەم و گرانە  .بەڵام لە هەموو سەردەمێکدا و لە ناو هەموو میللەتێکدا ، کەسانی  ئازا و بوێر و پیاوی پیاوانەی دڵسۆزی  وا هەبووە  لە پێناوی خزمەتکردنی نیشتمان و بەرژەوەندی گشتی و سەروەت و سامانی میللەتدا ئامادەبوون  سەری خۆیان دابنێن  وبە کژ گەندەڵی و تاڵانیدا بچنەوە  و  باکیشیان لە هەڕەشە  و مەترسییەکانی سەر ژیانی خۆیاننەبێ . شایانی باسە یەکێک لەو کەڵە پیاوە پاکانە ، کە خەمی گەلەکەی لە کۆڵ ناوە کاک جەلالی عومەری سام ئاغایە .کاتێک وەک سەرۆکی دیوانی چاودێری کاردەکات ، بە هەموو هێز و توانایەکییەوە دەیەوێت ئەو دەزگایە چاوی کراوەی گەل بێت و دەسەڵاتەکانی هاوتای دەسەڵاتەکانی جێبەجێکردن بێت ، تا بتوانێت بە باشترین شێوە چاودێری وردی خەرجکردنی داهاتی ساڵانە بکات و موڵک و ماڵی گشتی بپارێزێت و بەر لە لێشاوی ئەو هەموو  گەندەڵییە  بگرێت ، کە جەستەی  کۆمەڵگاکەمانی داڕزاندووە و ئابوری وڵاتی  بەرەو داڕمان و هەرەس بردووە .  ئەم پیاوە مەردە توانیویەتی لە ماوەیەکی کورتدا ساڵانە دەیان ملیار دینار و دەیان ملیۆن دۆلار بگەڕێنێتەوە بۆ خەزێنەی دەوڵەت و بێ ترس و پرس دەستبکات بە قوڕگی دزە گەورەکاندا و چۆکیان پیێ دابدات  و ببێتە گابەردی سەر دڵیان . خۆ  کاتێکیش سەرکردەکان و سیاسییە بیرکۆڵەکان و خاوەن کۆمپانیا بێ ویژدانەکان لە هەموو هەستێکی نیشتمانی و نەتەوەیی دەشۆرێنەوە و وەک نەهەنگی برسی  بە ڕاست و چەپدا  هەموو شتێک قووتدەدەن و بە تاڵانی دەبـــەن  ، ئـــازایــانــە نــاو و دۆســییــەی ( ٨٦ )  کـــەس و  ( ٢٧٢٥ )  ڕاپۆرت  ڕادەستی داواکاری گشتی هەرێم دەکات ، کە هەتا ئێستا تەنها چوار دۆسییە جوڵێنراون و دەسەڵاتیش ،  کە پشکی شێری لە گەندەڵیدا هەیە ( ٨٢ )دۆسێیەی لیێ سڕ و فەرامۆشکردووە ، کە سەدان ملیۆن دۆلاری دزراو و هەزاران پارچە زەوی و موڵک و ماڵی گشتیی تاڵانکراویان گرتۆتە خۆیان و لە بەرامبەریشدا دزە گەورەکان بۆ شاردنەوەی ئابڕوی خۆیان و پڕکردنی گیرفانیان  بەردەوام ویستوویانە دەنگی ڕەوای  کاک جەلال بە ژەهر و هەڕەشە  کپ و خامۆش بکەن .بێگومان لەبەر نەبوونی یاسا و بەدەنگەوەنەهاتنی دەسەڵات  بۆ ئەو ڕاپۆرتانە ڕۆژ لە دوای ڕۆژ گەندەڵی زیاتر پەرەدەسێنێت و دەچێتە ئاستی تاڵانییەوە و  تەنها دەزگایەک ناتوانێت  بەری پیێ بگرێت ، بۆیە ئەم پیاوە تێکۆشەرە ، کە بە موو لە ڕاستی لای نەداوە ،  نامەی دەست لە کارکێشانەوە بۆ جەلال تاڵەبانی سەرۆک کۆمار و سەرجەم ئەندامانی مەکتەبی سیاسی یەکێتی دەنێرێت و تێیدا دەڵێت : ( شەرەفمەندنیم بە وەزیفەکەتان ، چونکە من جسمێکی غەریبم لە نێوانتاندا )  و پاشان بە ویست و ئارەزووی خۆی واز لە پلەی وەزیریی دەهێنێت ،  بەمەش باشتر ڕێگا بۆ دزینی سەروەت و سامانی وڵات واڵا دەبێت و حاڵی وڵاتەکەمان دەگات بەم ڕۆژە ڕەشەی ئەمڕۆمان ، کە جگە لە داڕمانی ژێرخانی ئابووریمان و نەمانی پارە لە بانقەکاندا ،  ئەوەتا بە چوار پێنج مانگ حکومەت ناتوانێت نیو مووچە بۆ کارمەندەکانی  خۆشی  دابینبکات .
ئەوەی شایانی باسە کاک جەلال لە دەرخستنی گەندەڵییدا خزمەتێکی زۆر گەورەی کردووە ، بە جۆرێک ناو و ناوبانگی سنوری کوردستانی بڕیوە و گەیشتۆتە دەرەوەی وڵاتیش ، ئەوەتا لە لایەن یەکێتی ئابوری ناسان و کارگێریی ناسانی دەوڵەتەکانی ئەوروپاوە ڕێزی لێنراوە و پاداشتی ساڵانەی  لە بواری دەستپاکیدا پیێ بەخشراوە و وەک کەسایەتی ساڵیش دەستنیشانکراوە  ، سەرباری ئەمانەش  ڕۆڵی گرنگی کاک جەلالی عومەری سام ئاغا  هەر ئەوە نییە ڕووبەڕووی گەندڵکارە زلحۆرتەکان بۆتەوە و پەردەی لەسەر ڕوو لابردوون ، بەڵکو دەیان هەڵویستی دڵسۆزانەی هەیە ، کە دەکرێت لێرەدا ئاماژە بۆ هەندێکیان بکەم :
١ -  خانووەکەی یەکێکە لە خانووە جوان و دڵگیرەکانی  گردی سەرچناری سلێمانی ، کە لە کاتی خۆیدا بە بڕی ( ٧٠٠ هەزار ) دۆلار خەمڵێنراوە ، بێ بەرامبەر بەخشیویەتی بە وەزارەتی  تەندروستی  تا دوای خۆی بکرێت بە بنکەیەکی تەندروستی و خزمەتی هاوڵاتیان بکات و لە ساڵی ٢٠٠٢ وە  تاپۆی ئەو خانووە  خراوەتە سەر وەزارەتی  ناوبراو .
٢ -  لە ناوچەی ئابڵاخ خاوەنی زەوییەک بووە و فرۆشتویەتی و پارەکەی لە بانقدا بە ناوی دەزگای چاودێرییەوە داناوە  و ساڵانە سودەکەی وەک ڕێزلێنان پێشکەشی فەرمانبەرانی سەرکەوتو و چەند خانمێکی سەلاری دیوانی چاودێری دەکرێت .
٣ – پێشنیار  بۆ سەرۆکی ئەنجومەنی وەزیران کردووە ، کە مانگانە  موچەی خانەنشینییەکەی ببەخشرێت بە دەزگای شەهیدان و کەمئەندامان .

لە دواجاردا ئەوە ماوە بڵێم کاک جەلال چرایەکی گەشی نیشتمانەکەمانە ،  هەموو خەون و خولیایەکی  ژیانی ئەوەبووە خزمەتی خاک و خەڵک بکات ،دیارە  دزەکان کە وەک  زەروو  بەربوونەتە گیان و جەستەی شەکەتی ئەم میللەتە کڵۆڵەمان ،  ویستییان بە گەروویەکی پڕ لە ژەهرەوە فوو لەو چرایە بکەن و بەتەواوی خامۆشی کەن ، بەڵام  ئێستا ئەو پیاوێکە لە پەڕەی گوڵ پاکتر و لە جاران گەشترو ڕووناکترە و  جێگای ناخی دڵ و دەروونی هەزاران هەزار کوردی بەشەرەفە و دڵنیام ڕۆژێک لە ڕۆژان ، کە دەسەڵات دەگاتە دەستێکی  پاک و بێگەرد ، ئەوا  لە ناوەڕاستی باخێکی پڕ لە گوڵە باخی سپیدا پەیکەرێک بۆ ئەو چرا گەشەی نیشتمان دەکرێت و بەردەوامیش بۆن و بەرام و شنەی ئەو باخە خۆشەش  باوەشێنی ڕۆحمان دەکات و ناخمان پڕدەکات لە پاکیی و نەوەکانی داهاتووش فێری دەستپاکی و خۆشەویستی نیشتمان دەکات ...   بێگومان  ئەو کەسانەشی  دەنکە جۆیەکی ماڵی میللەتیان خواردووە  ، ئەوا  زوو بێت یان درەنگ بەر شەقی زەمانە دەکەون  ، جا جێگای خۆشییەتی هەر لێرەدا هۆنراوە بەرزەکەی  شێخ ڕەزای تالەبانی  بیری ئەو کەسە مشەخۆرانە  بخەینەوە، کە چاویان بە کەسانی وەک کاک جەلالدا هەڵنایەت و سەرقاڵی دزینی داهاتی میللەتێکی ئەنفالکراون  ، تا چاک بزانن هەتا سەر ئاوا  نایخۆن ، چونکە ئەوەی بە دزی گندۆران بخوا ، دەبێ ڕۆژێک لە ڕۆژان  کوتەکەکانی سەروگوێلاکی خۆشی  بژمێرێ :

لێگەڕێ با کەر لە ناو قەرسیلدا یاری بکا
ڕۆژێک ئەبێ خاوەن قەرسیل کەر دارکاری بکا 

11 March, 2016

Passing of Dr Farouk El Dessouki

It was with great sadness that I heard today of the passing of Dr Farouk El Dessouki in Cairo. I have known Dr Farouk for 50 years and first met him when he was posted to Baghdad in the sixties.

And over the years we developed a close friendship. He was a stalwart of the Egyptian Veterinary Service and continued to work on their behalf until illness overtook him. When my work with FAO took me to the regional office in Cairo I was not only able to work with him but his family also extended their friendship to myself and my wife and family. Tonight I mourn the loss of my friend but my thoughts, and those of my wife Dianne, are with Rania, Aseel and the Haja Hekmet who have lost a dear father and beloved husband. 

23 February, 2016

National Budgets & the Productive Use of the Petrodollar

Jamal Fuad,
Ph.D., Retiree, FAO and the World Bank, International Consultant
February 20, 2016

Oil is an important international commodity. Its supply and demand is also internationally manipulated. The industrial countries have the largest demand for this commodity, not only for use as fuel, but also as a mother commodity for the manufacture of hundreds of other essential items and accessories. Actually, less than 20% of oil imported is used for transport and energy generation; the remainder is being used for the production of a variety of products, from ladies perfume to auto bodies, musical instruments, house and health furniture, fertilizers, and much more. That is why the industrial countries are in such a high competition to acquire concession for its production and pricing.

Oil is also a political commodity. Its supply and demand can easily be manipulated to set its international pricing. Being a major source of energy and of high demand worldwide, oil can also easily damage economies of nations that depend solely on oil for their annual budgetary needs.Further, small oil producers have no role in deciding the price of oil they pour into the market. Even OPEC, the Organization of Oil Producing Countries, headquartered in Geneva, supposedly set up to regulate the production and the price of oil, is limited in its power as to how much oil is to be marketed and at what price.

The conclusion is that while the supply and demand levels have a major impact on the oil market price, likewise, the world political environment is also a factor in setting oil production levels and its pricing. Oil is a major player in the ongoing cold war between the great powers of the world, Such as the current situation between the United States and its allies on one hand, and Russia, China, and their allies on the other.

Further, Petrodollar plays a role in the East/West conflict, the USA wanting continued use of the dollar as the currency in all world oil transactions. Thus, USA has signed special agreements with other major oil producing countries to keep using the dollar in exchange for the United States’ commitment to protect such countries from outside aggression.

Oil politics is in action in the existing conflicts in Yemen, and to some extent in Syria, between the Russians and the United States, as they have divergent viewpoints. The recent decline of oil prices is directly attributed to differences of opinion between Saudi Arabia and Iran regarding the ongoing conflict in Yemen. The Saudis, being a major world oil producer, have inundated the market with oil, with the results of bringing its global price down, targeting mainly the Iranian and the Russian economies. The United States has also decreased its demand for foreign oil, which has kept the supply of oil at an all time high, forcing oil prices down.

The industrial countries are also working hard on decreasing their dependence on oil. They are expanding their research at developing energy sources other than that from oil, such as the use of Solar, Wind, Ocean, energies, including what comes from the nuclear fusion.

These international efforts to decrease the need for oil will eventually increases oil supply levels, and would eventually drive prices down. With such price fluctuations, setting national budgets solely on oil revenues becomes problematic and unwise.

Here, I would like to summarize the risks involved in depending solely on oil for annual national budgets, and strongly suggest that we must look at other sources where we can have control over sources of our revenues. To repeat:

1.      The volatile nature of the oil market is such that, making price predictions difficult, and revenues uncertain.
2.      We have no control over Oil world markets and its pricing mechanism.
3.      Its use as a political tool, both by the large oil producers, and also by the great political powers of the world, makes the oil sector vulnerable. 
4.      Future global use of oil as the main source of energy is in doubt. Researchers around the world are busy at finding alternatives to oil, predicting lower prices.
5.      Then again, oil reserves are finite and cannot continue forever. Every well has the possibility to eventually dry up, some sooner and some later.

These reasons must be convincing enough to compel us to diversify the sources of our annual revenue.

Alternatives Sources of Revenue?

Having said this, I am not advocating shunning entirely the use of our major source of funds from the sale of oil. Monies received from the sale of oil should be put in a special fund, to be possibly named Kurdistan Development Fund, to be used mainly for addressing the sector that brings us the most revenues and creates work for our citizens. Then, development of our human resources is of utmost importance, followed by the rehabilitation of our basic infra-structure, especially the supply of electricity and water, construction of major roads, building housing settlements, schools, educational and training facilities, fully equipped hospitals, construction of small industrial outlets, and developing modern tourist facilities, etc.

However, the most important sector guaranteeing a stable revenue is the agricultural sector. We need to utilize our God-given natural resources of fertile lands, water, and a fairly favorable climate, to ensure food security for our nation. The agricultural sector must receive the lion’s share of the petrodollar to become viable again.

Here some may comment: “Here we go again,” but yes, I am an agricultural activist, and firmly believe that rejuvenating our agricultural sector will have a great impact on increasing our national wealth, putting our young generation to work, and insure our food security.

Perhaps the recent budgetary crunch was a wakeup call for all. First, for the authorities to realize that we urgently need a revival of the agricultural sector. It is our economic priority number one. It is quite risky to rely on the import of our daily food from abroad. As the world population is on the rise, currently standing at 7.4 billion, a day will come when no matter how much money we may have, the food market would be too tight to provide us with our food requirements. Is it not a shame to bring carrots from Australia and USA, vegetables and fruits from our neighbors, poultry, beef, and fish from South America, and dairy products from a country that has not even one free flowing river. Why are we not utilizing our God-given fertile land and water, and a favorable climate that allow for the production of just about every food and feed items that we need. It is not only that we must insure our daily food, but most importantly is that the sector creates work, and our young generation

doesn’t have to risk their lives to emigrate and drown in the

distant seas. The sad joke is that the fish in those oceans have started learning Kurdish for having met so many of them.

And second, we seem to have a very short memory of our very recent economic past. It was only in the 1990s that people were on the verge of a famine, as a result of sanctions imposed by Baghdad. People in those years used to sell their furniture, dismantle their houses, pulling out doors and windows and offer such for sale to insure a meager living for their families. It is very sad to see that soon after the end of such difficulties people wasting so much food, throwing away items received from the oil for food program, and even using wheat flour, instead of gypsum, to draw construction sketches on the ground for their homes. Truckloads of spoiled bread are being thrown away daily by our citizens. We are also wasteful of the use of our water and electricity, whenever it is supplied, with minimum consideration for our neighbors.

Taking a look at our neighbors, we find that our nation has been endowed with the most of the water and sufficient fertile land, not available for other people in the region. So let us develop our fertile land and water resources for the production of most of our agricultural needs. Sufficient budget from the oil money should be allocated for this sector. Without food security there is no national security. This sector has been very much damaged and requires proper attention to re-educate our farmers to prepare them and move them to the modern age and to bring farming production up to the modern times. We must become self-sufficient in our needs for all food and feed items.

We need also to make the agricultural profession attractive to our young generation and to many others who are still young enough and can be part of a variety of agricultural programs. Many of these middle- aged men are tied up to mostly sedentary, non-productive jobs (Guards, policemen, janitors, drivers, watchmen), most of which are not needed. I am sure that with proper training they can become active modern farmers. The current practice of having so many idle employees is a great waste of human resources that need to be seriously addressed.

Another important waste is the use of good agricultural lands for settlements, or for airports, where more suitable areas could have been found for both needs. I also hear talks about amateur activities for refining crude oil in some areas of Kurdistan that must immediately come to a halt. In this operation, waste from crude refining activities is being dumped on fertile agricultural land, making it useless for agricultural production.

Oil money should actively address building up our human resources. Qualified candidates should be awarded scholarships to attend accredited institutes/universities, on all aspects of technical, administrative, and managerial subjects required by our young emerging nation. If we intend to be a sovereign nation, then preparing the human resource is an important priority.

Our environment has already suffered a great deal: From chemical bombardment, building military roads, or digging defense trenches by the army’s earlier combat units in Kurdistan. It is about time we showed love of our country and stopped hurting our motherland any further.